Slump Flow 4.0 - Digital quality control

As a result of the imperative need to reduce the environmental impact
of concrete production, increasingly complex formulations are used in
practical application with, in some cases, nine to ten different source materials. This turns troubleshooting into an extremely complex matter
in the event of any variations. At the same time, there are only very
simple empirical testing procedures available for tesing the concrete
properties at the plant or on the construction-site, and (corrective)
measures are based almost exclusively on subjective visual inspection
and the experience-based knowledge of the parties involved. The
standard testing procedure used is the flow table test. In this process,
the flow behavior of the concrete is inferred from the diameter of
the spread-out fresh concrete. The aim of the work presented in this
paper was to translate the extensive experience-based knowledge of experienced engineneers  into digital methods in order to carry out a comprehensive neutral evaluation of the quality characteristics of the fresh concrete. In the project, which was funded by the German Concrete and Construction Engineering Association
(Deutscher Beton- und Bautechnik-Verein E. V.), an image-based
measurement methodology with subsequent evaluation by computer
vision-based methods was developed in order to integrate such digital standards into consistency testing. For this purpose, the spread-out fresh concrete is captured using photogrammetry methods and the image taken is then evaluated by means of
computer vision-based methods. In addition to the diameter, extensive information – previously inaccessible to the testing  person – on, for  example, the concrete composition, variations in the water content, or the stability of the fresh
concrete can be inferred from parameters
such as the surfacepattern. The characteristic values canbe directly incorpora-ted into a (future)digital quality control of concrete or precast production and are a vital keyfor implementing digi-tal selflearning control loops to control
and manage concrete properties. The
authors would like to thank the German
Concrete and Construction Engineering Association for funding the work presented in this paper.


Related articles:

Issue 02/2024

Approach to digital process control with image-based fresh concrete monitoring

Introduction Nowadays, the requirements for precast concrete parts or concrete products are being formulated more and more precisely. In addition to compressive strength, there are also requirements...

Issue 02/2020 Fresh concrete robustness

New design and management methods for fresh concrete properties

Nowadays, concrete mix design and production almost exclusively rely on deterministic approaches. This means that the mix design process fails to take account of fluctuations in the properties of raw...

Issue 02/2019 Requirements for raw materials and materials testing

3D concrete printing

There is a rapidly growing interest in digital construction with concrete. The same holds true for the associated expectations in respect to this promising technology [1, 2]. However, a number of...

Issue 11/2018 CONTROLS

New Automax Multitest for concrete testing

Controls, the concrete testing division of Controls Group is proud to launch the new Automax Multitest, a versatile and modular Automatic Computerized Control Console for Concrete, Cement and steel...

Issue 06/2022

New testing procedures for effective evaluation of fresh-concrete rheology suitable for use on site

The conventional evaluation of fresh concrete on the basis of flow consistency is frequently not sufficient to ensure proper concrete processing. Subsequent surface finishing may be severely impaired,...